Abstract: Concentrating on the man-made scenery of a theme park in Dali Bai Autonomous
Prefecture ofChina-Nanzhao Folk Island, this thesis explores the way in which the Bai
people acquire an identity by sharing a common history that is actively re-created. The
state designated minority status ofthe Bai has been made concrete first by the nationality
classification project ofthe 1950s; then continued by ethnic tourism in the reform era.
The history ofthe ancient Nanzhao Kingdom (649-902) is recounted and reenacted on the
Nanzhao Folk Island following the ideological guideline for the creation and preservation
ofthe historical unity ofChina. The landscape ofthe Nanzhao Folk Island reveals the
interaction between the government's cultural strategy of promoting diversity and the
negotiation initiated by the Bai people. The cultural forms on display derived from
Nanzhao history are now the resource for a popular reflection ofBai identity.