Bibliography: 赵元梁 (Zhao Yuanliang)

Zhao Yuanliang, born 1989 near Dali, is a doctoral student at Yunnan University, researching Bai culture.




Abstract: Erhai Lake is a jewel embedded in the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau; Erhai Lake region is one of the birthplace of the ancient civilization of Yunnan. Bai people in Erhai Lake feeding to create the unique culture of Dali social, in excellent social culture of Bai people, it often reflects some living wisdom how Bai people deal with the relationship between human and nature, this wisdom is the view of ecological environment. Bai fisherman's view on ecological environment is one of the important content of traditional culture inheritance, it is the significance and value of this traditional view which makes the ecological system of Erhai Lake in a state of balance for thousands of years. In recent years, how to governance and protect the ecological environment of Erhai lake is faced with enormous pressures. With the investigations and studies of the view of ecological environment of Bai fisherman, we can absorb some useful elements of them, which can provide intellectual support for the protection and management of Erhai, Dianchi or other plateau lakes. This paper is adopting Field research method of ethnology, documentary method and comparative method as the main research methods. The content is divided into five chapters, The first chapter introduced general situation of ecological environment of Erhai Lake, Bai fisherman's history, distribution and daily basic necessities of life. The second to the fourth chapters described the Bai fisherman' fishery activities, religious belief and the folk literatures, discussed the ecological wisdom behind some basic culture phenomenons of those three aspects which contained in Bai fisherman's daily life; the fifth chapter summed up the connotation and characteristics of Bai fisherman's ecological environment view, and discussed the effective operation mechanism and the value. Through the comparative studies on non fisherman groups and within groups of fisherman, The relationship between Bai society and the traditional view of ecological environment is particularly close. Bai fisherman's view of ecological environment included three levels. They are ideology, languages and behavior activities which together form a circulatory system who can make effect to each other. Bai fisherman's ecological view has four characteristics, mainly reflected by controlling themselves consciously, changing fishery activities with the season, harmonious symbiosis, blood inheritance. Bai fisherman's view of ecological environment through the III languages and behavior system to play its function and value. From the space, we could make Erhai Lake into “East” and “West” to understand the groups of fisherman and non fisherman groups, and due to natural environmental differences, the religious belief of fisherman belong to “South” and “North” belief circle. It shows the social phenomenon that cultural is different in Dali society closely related to the ecological environment of Erhai . The author in field survey collected a large number of first-hand informations, and systematically analyzed the view of ecological environment of Bai fisherman who is living surrounding the Erhai Lake, expanded the Bai culture study and the fisherman of minority nationality. Regard Erhai Area as a study case, from the means of livelihood, religious belief, collective memory, in-depth discussed the mechanism of action for Bai fisherman's view of ecological environment in a specific spatial, and the relationship between the view and the social culture. At the same time, the depth of the research also had got some breakthroughs. Considering the number of fields, the content of informations covered widely,the depth and breadth of this thesis still have some places which can be improved.

洱海地区以[po21] 为通名村落的调查与研究

Investigation of Villages named with [po21] beside Erhai Area


Abstract: Villages named with [p 21] beside Erhai Area means they have got the same [po21] .This paper regards villages named with [po21] as research objects, using ethnology field research method and literature, taking four aspects into consideration such as natural, Living environment change and surnames as research content, tries to proved these villages exsist for long times, they may appeared since Nanzhao period and got many in common. These studies not only enriched and developed the village culture of Erhai area, they also can be used to supplement the local culture.




Abstract: 村庄是比地名更小的地方行政单位。一个地区村名的命名往往与当时的政治、经济、宗教、民族等多种因素有关。以苍山、洱海间的大理镇等5个镇为例,对村庄的名称进行了较深入的调查研究。根据白语和汉语对村名命名产生的影响,对村名命名的类型进行分析,同时还分析了村名中体现的社会历史文化和山水自然文化。通过查阅文献资料和走访调查等研究方法,探究村名中蕴含的文化信息。